By John Munkman
First published in 1951, this book is a classic in its field and provides a uniquely analytical approach to the subject of advocacy.
1. Advocacy: Its Nature, Aims and Background:-
Meaning and foundations;
The limits of advocacy;
The branches of advocacy.
2. The General Technique of Interrogation and the Fallacies of Testimony:-
Methods of interrogation;
Mistakes made by a truthful witness: the fallacies of testimony;
Witnesses who do not wish to tell the truth.
The general background;
4. Cross-Examination: Its Aims and Limitations:-
The aims of cross-examination;
The limits of cross-examination.
5. Corss-Examination: Its Technique:-
The main techniques;
The technique of confrontation;
The technique of probing;
The technique of insinuation;
The technique of undermining; Subsidiary techniques.
6. Cross-Examination: Preparation and Planning:-
Choice of technique;
Types of witnesses.
8. Legal Proof and the Formation of Arguments:-
Legal proof of facts;
Arguments on the facts;
Arguments on the law.
9. The Speeches:-
The construction and arrangement of a speech;
Other elements in a good speeches;
The speech in defence;
Submission of no case to answer;
Speech in mitigration.
10. General Strategy and Tactics:-
The foundation: knowledge of the case;
Position and atmosphere;
Staying power and resolution.
11. Learning the Techniques:-
The technique of questioning;
Drills for learning;